Corns are a common problem of the foot that can be painful and difficult to manage. Corns and callus are due to a lot of pressure on the affected area of skin. They are part of a natural mechanism that has gone awry. Anytime there is too much pressure on the skin, that region of skin will thicken up to protect itself. When the pressure continues over a longer period of time, it becomes so thick that it is painful. This really is just like the process that occurs when, by way of example, chopping wood. Doing this, you ultimately produce a callus on your palm. Exactly the same thing takes place on the foot with pressure from the surface or pressure on a toe from the shoe. When you stop chopping wood, the thicker skin on the hands disappear. The challenge in the foot is that you keep using shoes and you continue walking, so the pressure continues and the thicker skin forms into a corn and will become painful.
Getting rid of corns is comparatively easy and a competent podiatrist can easily remove them. That is the simple bit. The difficult bit is stopping them returning. It’s one thing to take them off, but if you don’t take away that cause (the higher pressures on the skin), chances are they will just come back eventually. Corns do not possess roots that they can re-grow from. They keep coming back since the cause is still there. Removing a corn is a lot like dealing with the symptom. They will come back unless the cause is taken away. That’s where the ability of a podiatrist is needed to find out the proper cause. A complete assessment is needed of the biomechanics, shoes, foot shape and lifestyle to sort out just what it is that is bringing about the higher pressure. When that cause has been identified, then different interventions can be used to remove that pressure. This may range from simple shoe suggestions to foot supports to surgery.